The time for the Lok Sabha elections in India is near. The Election Commission and all the political parties have made preparations for the coming elections. In a few days, allegations and counter-allegations and political rhetoric are also going to increase, but the public has high expectations from their political parties. Well, in the midst of all these things, the Hon’ble Election Commission has declared the date of election and along with this has also implemented the code of conduct. In this article, we will know that what is a code of conduct, why it is necessary and what is its function. Hope this article will increase your political knowledge.
What is the Code of Conduct – Election Commission of India’s Model Code of Conduct
The code of conduct is a collection of guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India for political parties and candidates, mainly regarding speeches, polling day, polling stations, departments, election manifestos, processions and general conduct during elections. , These guidelines of norms are developed by consensus of the political parties, they have to be obeyed by all the political parties. It is made with the consent of all political parties and if any political party does not agree to it, then the Election Commission can punish it.
The Model Code of Conduct comes into force immediately after the election dates are announced by the Commission to ensure free and fair elections. The code of conduct remains in force from the announcement of the date of the election till the counting of votes or till the results of the said election. Election Commission takes new steps every time to maintain and enhance transparency in elections
The Election Commission under Article 324 of the Constitution of India is committed to conduct fair and transparent elections to the Lok Sabha and the Legislative Assembly. If any leader or political party violates the code of conduct, then any common man can complain to the Election Commission and on that complaint, the Election Commission takes necessary steps and takes action. This code of conduct applies to political parties as well as activists and government officials.
Let us know what are the administrative changes when the code of conduct is implemented.
code of conduct rules
Ban on any new scheme
As soon as the election is announced, the ruling party or the said government is not allowed to make any kind of new public interest policy, nor can it keep any document related to the new policy among the people.
Prohibition on taking advantage of government funds
No party, even if it is in power, can use government money to take electoral advantage. In 1975, the Election Commission found Indira Gandhi (the then Prime Minister) guilty of the Aadhaar Code. When he used government vehicles and government officials in elections. For this, the entry of Indira Gandhi into the Parliament House was also banned.
Ban on transfers of government officers
As soon as the election is announced, the government gets involved in the transfer of officers so that it can benefit its favorite officer. This cannot be done once the code of conduct is in force. If the transfer of an officer is very important, then it is necessary to get the approval of the Election Commission before doing so.
Religious places banned for election campaign
If any party uses religious places (temples, mosques, gurudwaras etc.) for election campaign, then it is also considered a violation of the code of conduct. Election campaigning should be done in public places, whose right is equal on all parties.
Prohibition on distribution of liquor and money
If anyone distributes liquor or money 24 hours before the election day, then the Election Commission can take necessary action against him.
Ban on social media campaigning 48 hours before elections
For the first time in the elections in 2019, the Election Commission is strict about campaigning on social media, under which all political parties will have to give information about all their social media accounts to the Election Commission and stop campaigning on social media 48 hours before the election.
These are some important rules which come under the code of conduct. If anyone violates these then necessary action is taken against him. Apart from this, the Election Commission has also created a mobile application on the code of conduct named CVIGIL app. By which if a common citizen sees a violation of the code of conduct around him, then he can complain on it and can also put a photo as a proof, on which action will be taken within 100 minutes.
But the implementation of the code of conduct does not mean that all government work will stop. There will be no hindrance in the work of government facilities like pension, making Aadhar card, electricity, water and cleaning etc.
So this was the information related to the code of conduct. Hope you liked this information and you will definitely be able to take advantage of it. Apart from this, our appeal is that they must go to vote in maximum numbers.